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REVIEW ARTICLE
Eldo Koshy, Sunitha Raj Philip

Dental Implant Surfaces: An Overview

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:14-22][No of Hits : 3749]


ABSTRACT
Integration of the dental implant depends on the characteristics of the surface. Implant surfaces must dynamically interact with both the hard and soft tissues. This article reviews the methods used for surface texturing of the titanium dental implants; describing the popular techniques used for additive, subtractive and other methods of surface modifications.

Keywords: Titanium, Surface roughness, Macrotopography, Microretentive features.

How to cite this article: Koshy E, Philip SR. Dental Implant Surfaces: An Overview. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):14-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
Satyanarayana Raju Mantena, Sruthima NVS Gottumukkala, Suresh Sajjan, A Rama Raju, Bheemalingeshwar Rao, Meenakshi Iyer

Implant Failures—Diagnosis and Management

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:51-59][No of Hits : 3080]


ABSTRACT

Despite the high success rates and stability of dental implants, failures do occur. While surgical trauma together with bone volume and quality are generally believed to be the most important etiological factors for early implant failures, the etiology of late failures is more controversial. Early detection and treatment of early progressive bone loss around dental implants by mechanical debridement, antimicrobial therapy, and regenerative therapy are the keys for saving early failing implants. The decision-making tree should be aimed at assisting and simplifying the process of selecting the appropriate alternative once a failure has occurred.

Keywords: Dental implants, Implant failure, Osseointegration, Risk factors, Smoking.

How to cite this article: Mantena SR, Gottumukkala SNVS, Sajjan S, Rama Raju A, Rao B, Iyer M. Implant Failures- Diagnosis and Management. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015; 1(2):51-59.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Mamta Rathod, SP Dange, AN Khalikar, SA Khalikar

Immediate Loading of Dental Implants: Survival and Success Rate

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:8-13][No of Hits : 2126]


ABSTRACT
The traditional implant protocols have several disadvantages, like extensive treatment time, multiple surgeries, and need to wear a removable restoration, leading to patient inconvenience. Thus, these protocols need to be re-evaluated to pioneer newer techniques that will save time and increase comfort. Immediate loading of oral implants could potentially serve this purpose. The aim of this review is to compare the survival and success rates of immediately loaded single-tooth dental implants with those of conventionally loaded dental implants based on the highest level of evidence obtained from prospective studies and prospective controlled trials. Studies included in this review were identified in the current literature manually and by electronic search. Only clinical data on root-form or cylindrical threaded oral implants were included. The assemblage of the current literature shows that controlled studies using several different approaches to immediate loading have demonstrated high implant survival and success rates. However, more highlevel evidence-based studies are desirable to demonstrate the relative merits of immediate loading compared with conventional loading in all potential applications.

Keywords: Loading protocols of implants, Immediate, Delayed, Survival rate, Success.

How to cite this article: Rathod M, Dange SP, Khalikar AN, Khalikar SA. Immediate Loading of Dental Implants: Survival and Success Rate. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):8-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Siddharth Priyadarshi, Syed M Yusuf, Ajay Singh, Himanshu Gupta

Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:113-118][No of Hits : 1570]


ABSTRACT

Fixed and removable implant-supported prostheses successfully address problems associated with complete dentures in edentulous mandibles. Implant-supported overdenture (IOD) improves retention, stability, function, proprioception, and comfort. This case report depicts step-by-step procedure for fabrication of IOD with castable bar and modified resilient reliner. The bar was fabricated from readily available castable bar system, and resilient silicone-based relining was done by using a pickup impression at the time of trial. The shortcomings of direct technique are overcome by this procedure. It is a relatively simple and easy technique to produce an accurate prosthesis and devoid of wear and tear of elastic components.

Keywords: Customized bar-supported complete denture, Implant-supported overdenture, Overdenture, Resilient reliner.

How to cite this article: Priyadarshi S, Yusuf SM, Singh A, Gupta H. Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):113-118.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Purva H Shinde, Nikhil V Jain, Ramandeep Dugal

Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:119-122][No of Hits : 1464]


ABSTRACT

Long-term edentulism leads to the encroachment of the space by the antagonist teeth, which interfere with the occlusion, function, and most importantly the vertical space required for replacement of the teeth. Dental implant therapy has taken over conventional fixed dental prosthesis as a treatment option since the last few decades. Minimum biomechanical requirement for the height of the implant prosthesis makes it imperative for the clinician to modify the height of the opposing tooth. Overcoming the conventional technique of tooth reduction, use of temporary anchorage devices like mini-implants, for tooth intrusion, provides a minimally invasive approach. This article describes a case where mini-implants were activated using elastics for maxillary molar intrusion to create space for the implant prosthesis to replace the missing mandibular molars.

Keywords: Implants, Intrusion, Mini-implants, Temporary anchorage devices.

How to cite this article: Shinde PH, Jain NV, Dugal R. Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain Vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):119-122.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Review Article
Siddharth Priyadarshi, Syed Mohd Yusuf, Ajay Singh, Shitij Srivastava, Himanshu Gupta

Various Treatment Modalities for Retrieval of Broken Abutment Screw in Implant Prosthodontics

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:60-65][No of Hits : 1458]


ABSTRACT

Dental implants made of titanium for replacement of missing teeth are widely used because of ease of technical procedure and high success rate, but are not free of complications and may fail. Out of all the failures related to implants, prosthetic failures amounts the most. Among prosthetic failures, fracture of the prosthetic screw is very common and continues to be a problem in restorative practice and it is a great challenge to remove the fractured screw conservatively. There are various techniques and instrument kits which are available for retrieval of fractured abutment screw. However, there is a lot of ambiguity among the implantologist regarding their use and practice. This article reviews the basic instrumentation concept, stepwise procedure and other technicalities related to the same. This article also enlightens various unconventional methods which are reported in the literature.

Keywords: Abutment screw retrieval, Damaged internal threads, Implant screw fracture, Implant screw loosening.

How to cite this article: Priyadarshi S, Yusuf SM, Singh A, Srivastava S, Gupta H. Various Treatment Modalities for Retrieval of Broken Abutment Screw in Implant Prosthodontics. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):60-65.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Madhumietha Arumugam

A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:95-100][No of Hits : 1309]


ABSTRACT

Aims: To determine the distribution of subgingival occurrence of Candida species in chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis.

Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients with chronic periodontitis and 20 patients with peri-implantitis were evaluated. Periodontal parameters that include mean periodontal or peri-implant pocket depth, mean clinical attachment level or relative attachment level, mean gingival index, and mean plaque index were evaluated. Pooled subgingival sample from the deepest pockets using sterile paper points and sterile curettes was obtained from each patient and immediately streaked on to Sabouraud’s dextrose agar. Species identification was done by colony color on Chrom agar medium and Dalmau plate culture technique on corn meal agar.

Results: In periodontitis, the prevalence of Candida species in periodontal pockets was 26.8%, while in peri-implantitis, it is 27.2%. Comparing the prevalence of various sub-species of Candida between the two groups, we did not find any significant statistical differences. Also, there were no significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of mean plaque index, mean gingival index, mean probing depth, and mean CAL (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Candida albicans was the most common Candida species isolated from both the groups. It is followed by Candida dubliniensis, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis. No significant statistical difference was detected in the Candida count between the two groups.

Keywords: Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Chronic periodontitis, Microbiological, Peri-implantitis.

How to cite this article: Arumugam M. A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):95-100.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Shweta R Sonare, Mitul K Mishra, Amber W Raut

Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:104-106][No of Hits : 1285]


ABSTRACT

Implant positioning plays an important role for giving esthetics as well as for proper functioning of the prosthesis. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning are required for successful implant prosthesis. Improper positioning of implant creates esthetics and functional challenge for the prosthodontist. Adequate amount of bone is necessary for functional and esthetic reconstruction of soft-tissue architecture surrounding the implant. For axially placed malpositioned implant, prefabricated or custom-made angled abutments may be used to achieve functional and esthetic comfort. In case of apicocoronally placed implant, gingival ceramics can aid to create emergence profile surrounding the implant. Dental practitioners must have knowledge to create optimal soft-tissue profile surrounding the teeth and implant restorations. Improper positioning of implant not only increases the chances of repeat surgery but also gives psychological trauma to patients. This case report describes esthetic achievement for the patient with labial misplaced implant.

Keywords: Esthetics, Improper positioning of implant, Misplaced implant.

How to cite this article: Shambharkar VI, Sonare SR, Mishra MK, Raut AW. Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):104-106.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Himanshu Deswal, Amit Bhardwaj, Harpreet Singh Grover, Yogender Singh Deswal

A New Innovative Approach for Treatment of Gingival Recession: A Clinical Case

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:82-84][No of Hits : 1227]


ABSTRACT

Gingival recession is characterized by the apical migration of tissue margin apical to cement enamel junction. These defects give rise to both functional and esthetic challenges. A new innovative technique of periodontal plastic surgery was used in which periosteum was incised and mobilized at the apical part of the mucoperiosteum flap to cover the defect. The purpose of this case report was to clinically evaluate the use of periosteum eversion technique to cover gingival recession defect.

Keywords: Eversion technique, Gingival recession, Periodontal flap.

How to cite this article: Deswal H, Bhardwaj A, Grover HS, Deswal YS. A New Innovative Approach for Treatment of Gingival Recession: A Clinical Case. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):82-84.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Paresh B Patel

Denture Stabilization with Mini Dental Implants

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:101-103][No of Hits : 1156]


ABSTRACT

Mini dental implants can provide support for stabilization of a removable full denture and can be a minimally invasive surgery. In addition mini implants can be used in cases where there may be anatomical, medical or financial constraints.

Keywords: Denture stabilization, Mini dental implants, Minimally invasive surgery.

How to cite this article: Patel PB. Denture Stabilization with Mini Dental Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):101-103.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CLINICAL ARTICLE
Hariharan Annapoorni, Durga Prasad Tadi

Computed Tomography: Its Importance in Treatment Planning for Implants

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:1-7][No of Hits : 1082]


ABSTRACT
Use of dental implants for the replacement of missing teeth has rapidly increased in the dental profession. To obtain long-term success of the dental implants, it is necessary that the implants be placed in the host site after thorough assessment of the site. Such an assessment can be done only by advanced imaging procedures, such as computed tomography (CT). An in-depth knowledge of interpretation of the imaging modality is necessary before treatment planning the situation. It is the aim of this paper to analyze different clinical situations in CT, the method of interpreting the same and comparing the interpretation with existing clinical situation. Also, in the process, it has been described how a clinician could go wrong when solely dependent on two-dimensional (2D) imaging modalities.

Keywords: Computed tomography, Implant, Bone quality, Bone quantity, Treatment planning.

How to cite this article: Annapoorni H, Tadi DP. Computed Tomography: Its Importance in Treatment Planning for Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):1-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Paresh R Kale

Implant-supported Fixed Rehabilitation of Partially Edentulous Maxilla and Mandible

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:35-43][No of Hits : 1009]


ABSTRACT
Partially edentulous patient has severe problems with existing fixed partial dentures. This is a case report of implant-supported fixed rehabilitation of a partially edentulous dentition with failing fixed partial dentures.

Keywords: Implant-supported FPD, Full mouth rehabilitation, Management of failing FPD.

How to cite this article: Kale PR. Implant-supported Fixed Rehabilitation of Partially Edentulous Maxilla and Mandible. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):35-43.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
N Kalavathy, Nikhil Anantharaj, Anmol Kapoor, Anuradha Venkataramani

Implant Retained Fixed Prosthesis

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:85-94][No of Hits : 992]


ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation of completely edentulous patients is a challenge to prosthodontists. This is more so with mandible as the resorption rate is 4 times more than that of maxilla. This article describes a case report of a completely edentulous patient with resorbed mandible who insisted on better esthetic and masticatory comfort. The treatment plan included fixed implant prosthesis with titanium framework and ceramic restoration for the mandible and removable complete denture prosthesis for maxilla. All procedures including surgical, prosthetic and lab procedures were explained in detail to the patient and the treatment was completed. Satisfactory results were obtained.

Keywords: Cone-beam computed tomography, Digital IOPA, Gingival porcelain, Osseointegration, Pattern resin, Radiographic stent, Titanium framework.

How to cite this article: Kalavathy N, Anantharaj N, Kapoor A, Venkataramani A. Implant Retained Fixed Prosthesis. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):85-94.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
William D Nordquist, David J Krutchkoff

Recurrent Peri-implant Infection: A Case Report suggesting Origin from an Infected Palatal Root of a Clinically Asymptomatic and Radiographically Normal Appealing Adjacent Molar Tooth

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:44-47][No of Hits : 986]


ABSTRACT
A case is herewith reported in which a dental implant was immediately placed in an extraction socket of tooth no. 4 and, shortly later, exhibited signs of infection. The local area and implant were treated with standard local measures in addition to completion of a root canal procedure on an adjacent suspect tooth no. 5. In spite of this treatment scheme, the area again exhibited obvious clinical signs of infection during the ensuing weeks. At this point, although previously thought to be within normal limits, the asymptomatic and radiographically normal tooth no. 3 was then considered as the probable source of local infection, and even though pulp testing of no. 3 suggested vitality, the tooth was nonetheless opened revealing a necrotic and fetid palatal pulp. Root canal procedures for tooth no. 3 were then initiated but not completed. The patient then returned to her original dentist who subsequently referred the patient to an endodontist for completion of the root canal treatment on tooth no. 3.
It is important to evaluate adjacent teeth when peri-implantitis occurs. In this case, no radiographic or clinical evidence was present to alert the clinician that the source of the implant-associated infection was the palatal root of tooth no. 3.

Keywords: Recurrent peri-implantitis, Endodontic failure, Infection.

How to cite this article: Nordquist WD, Krutchkoff DJ. Recurrent Peri-implant Infection: A Case Report suggesting Origin from an Infected Palatal Root of a Clinically Asymptomatic and Radiographically Normal Appealing Adjacent Molar Tooth. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):44-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Guest Editorial
Dennis Flanagan

CASE FOR SMALL DIAMETER IMPLANTS

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:v-vi][No of Hits : 984]


ABSTRACT

CASE FOR SMALL DIAMETER IMPLANTS

Previous work in the dental literature has discussed occlusal over load of dental implants in function.1 Thus larger diameter implants have been advocated. However, there are other considerations that may come into play that affect the longevity of an implant. The major parameters are: Displacement of the implant, overload and percutaneous circumference. It may be that large implant displacement interferes with bone remodeling.2,3 Percutaneous circumference may put larger diameter implants at risk for peri-implantitis.2,4


 
CASE REPORT
Prithiviraj Jeyaraman, Shankar Iyer

An Effective Way to Minimize Accidental Ingestion or Inhalation of Implant Drivers: A Clinical Tip

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:48-50][No of Hits : 912]


ABSTRACT
It is often a difficult situation, especially while removing the cover screw during the second stage in the maxillary molar regions where access is difficult and a tendency to orient the hex driver causes the slipping, leading to a possible ingestion or inhalation of the drivers. This clinical tip explains a simple clinical tip to prevent this accidental ingestion of the hex driver. By this method, accidental aspiration of the hex driver can be avoided even if the hex driver slips and falls into the patient's mouth. The hex driver can be secured properly by a ligature wire.

Keywords: Cover screw, Hex driver, Healing abutment, Ingestion, Stainless steel wire, Rubber stopper.

How to cite this article: Jeyaraman P, Iyer S. An Effective Way to Minimize Accidental Ingestion or Inhalation of Implant Drivers: A Clinical Tip. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):48-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Gagan Sabharwal, Panna Mangat

Immediate Temporization Loading of Multiple Implants in the Maxillary Esthetic Zone: A Clinical Report

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:77-81][No of Hits : 897]


ABSTRACT

Early or delayed loading is a fundamental problem in fully understanding the dynamic nature of implant loading is the confusion that exists regarding the torque load delivered to the implant complex, the initial force transformation/stress/strain developed within the system of implant complex assembly. In our clinical case report, maxillary anterior teeth were replaced using immediate implant supporting provisional restoration. During the provisional phase, the occlusion was adjusted so, there is no centric or eccentric contact with the antagonist teeth. An impression was made and final restoration was cemented after 4 months. By implementing this protocol, an optimal definitive result could be achieved, together with immediate patient satisfaction. However, cooperation among several disciplines and careful patient selection is required.

Keywords: Dental implants, Esthetic zone, Immediate loading, Immediate temporization.

How to cite this article: Sabharwal G, Mangat P. Immediate Temporization Loading of Multiple Implants in the Maxillary Esthetic Zone: A Clinical Report. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015; 1(2):77-81.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Case Report
Sharad Vaidya, Sharad Gupta, Charu Kapoor

Cold-welded Healing Cap: A Unique Implant Complication and its Management

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:72-76][No of Hits : 865]


ABSTRACT

Biological and mechanical implant complications and failures are still present in clinical practice that frequently compromise oral function. Mechanical failures involving implant components are frustrating to a restorative dentist. Prudent knowledge of mechanical components and their functioning helps to achieve stable connections between implant-abutment/healing cap. Any misjudgement by the clinician can result in total fiasco of the procedure. Cold-welding of healing cap with implant collar is one such complication that occurred in this particular case and was managed by preparation of healing cap as conventional abutment using carbide burs.

Clinical relevance: An innovative method has been described to combat an unusual implant complication. Possible reasons for cold-welding and its management is described in this article.

Keywords: Cold-welding, Complication, Healing cap, Implants.

How to cite this article: Vaidya S, Gupta S, Kapoor C. Coldwelded Healing Cap: A Unique Implant Complication and its Management. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):72-76.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Paresh R Kale

Edentulous Case with an Implant-supported Prosthesis for a Patient with Severe Atrophy

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:28-34][No of Hits : 836]


ABSTRACT
An edentulous patient with severe residual ridge resorption with existing complete denture prosthesis desires improvement in function and comfort. This is a case report of step by step procedure for an implant-supported prosthesis for mandibular arch with severe resorption.

Keywords: Completely edentulous, Mandibular hybrid denture, Implant-supported denture.

How to cite this article: Kale PR. Edentulous Case with an Implant-supported Prosthesis for a Patient with Severe Atrophy. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):28-34.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Supriya A Rai, C Jeevan, Vijay Jeevan

Surgiguide used for a minimally Invasive Flapless Surgery and Precise Placement of Eight Nobel Biocare (Select) Implants

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:107-112][No of Hits : 815]


ABSTRACT

Implant dentistry has always the final prosthesis in mind. The prosthetically driven implant prosthesis will assure good esthetics, function, and also hygiene. This will give long-time success. The use of medical imaging and software planning has resulted in a marked improvement in treatment planning. The virtual software helps in accuracy in treatment planning. Surgical guides can be fabricated from a computed tomography scan. A surgical guide is used to assist in proper surgical placement and angulation of the implants. A guide also increases the esthetic and functional aspect of prosthetically driven implant treatment.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, CAD-CAM prosthesis, Flapless implant placement with nobel surgiguide, Periotome, Provisionalization.

How to cite this article: Rai SA, Jeevan C, Jeevan V. Surgiguide used for a minimally Invasive Flapless Surgery and Precise Placement of Eight Nobel Biocare (Select) Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):107-112.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
PRACTICE MANAGEMENT
Gurinder (Gary) Wadhwa

Successful Integration of Implantology Service in Your Practice

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:23-27][No of Hits : 813]


ABSTRACT
This article helps you to learn how to implement powerful, scientifically based project management principles into their practice. The story provides a relatable way to understand the approach presented, which encourages dentists and their staff to resist complicated management strategies and cost-cutting techniques and instead implement commonsense measures based on an understanding of the cause and effect that occurs when changes are made in a practice. Basic ideas to increase your implant practice or integrating it into routine as well as tips for the improvement of the productivity for 'Building a rewarding practice and a balanced life'.

Keywords: Increasing productivity, Quality and reliability, Voice of customer, Decision-making, Financials, Throughput accounting.

How to cite this article: Wadhwa G. Successful Integration of Implantology Service in Your Practice. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):23-27.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
Shankar Iyer

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 569]


ABSTRACT

“It is what we know that prevents us from learning more”... Albert Einstein’s adage is very apt in today’s context. We invest an enormous amount of time to learn some principles and techniques and we continue to foster it and start to become dogmatic about it ourselves. When new ideas and technologies arrive, we become skeptics and will resist change.


 
Editorial
Shankar Iyer

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 559]


ABSTRACT
We are happy to launch the International Journal of Clinical Implant Dentistry (IJCID) in its current print format. Technology has been responsible for major innovations in publication and it has also caused the demise of progressive innovation. I used to treasure receiving journals in print format and have the pleasure of removing it from its shrink wrap and browsing through the table of contents. In a flicker of the eye, I was able to get a quick overview of the salient features of each article and flipped through the pages cover to cover and halt at the one that got my attention and interest.


 
Guest Editorial
Saul Weiner

Clinical Research-Is It relevant to Dental Practice?

[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:v][No of Hits : 509]


ABSTRACT
Clinical Research-Is It relevant to Dental Practice?
Today, both at meetings and in journals, there is an increasing interest and emphasis on establishing clinical practice on the basis of research. But yet, as an example, at a recent Academy of Osseointegration retreat to review treatments to restore the edentulous maxilla, no consensus could be reached. The only agreement was that there was insufficient scientific evidence to support any treatment modality. But… there are patients in our waiting rooms who require treatment. What should be the strategy of the conscientious practitioner? Another example is the statement, from a main podium presentation, that there is a superior fit of zirconia long-span restorations. This was claimed to have been reported in a recent paper in the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. In fact, the paper did not evaluate passive seating of the zirconia restoration at all.


 
REVIEW ARTICLES
Deepti Gattani, Salman T Ansari

Peri-implant Diseases: Pathogenesis and Treatment

[Year:2010] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:23-30][No of Hits : 5061]


ABSTRACT
As the field of dental implantology has expanded in last several years and an increasing number of dental implants being placed, peri-implant diseases have now come to the forefront of implant research. The purpose of this article is to review available information on etiopathogenesis and treatment of peri-implant diseases. The results of animal research and human studies have been analysed. With the apparent increase in the incidence of affected cases, long-term follow-ups of treated cases would seem to be a realistic avenue for more information. This may assist in establishing the predictability, magnitude and stability of peri-implantitis treatment procedures.
Keywords: Peri-implantitis, Peri-implant mucositis, Etiology, Treatment modalities.


 
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Haruyuki Kawahara

Sheath Bone Formation and Biomechanics on Dental Implant

[Year:2010] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:1-12][No of Hits : 1471]



 
REVIEW ARTICLES
Umang Nayar, Shankar Iyer

Implant Site Development Part II

[Year:2010] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:13-22][No of Hits : 1111]


ABSTRACT
The internal and external architecture of bone determines positioning of dental implants in partially and fully edentulous patients. A deficient jaw bone creates a new demand for bone reconstruction before or during implant therapy. The second part of the review discusses various surgical reconstructive modalities to improve bone support for placement of implant in prosthetically driven position to restore the natural position and to emulate the natural emergence of a tooth from soft tissues. Surgical procedures that have been developed to deal with problems of insufficient alveolar ridge width or height include extraction site bone grafting, ridge augmentation using principles of GBR with block grafts or particulate materials and protective barriers, grafting with bone harvested from both extraoral and intraoral donor sites, use of platelet rich plasma and growth factors etc. Bone augmentation allows clinicians to reconstruct alveolar bone deficiencies, preserve alveolar dimensions and replace missing teeth with dental implants in a prosthetically driven position with natural appearance and function.
Keywords: Bone augmentation, Block grafts, Particulate materials, Protective barriers, GBR (guided bone regeneration), PRP (platelet rich plasma), Growth factors, Intraoral and extraoral donor, Autogenous donor grafts.


 
Editorial
Shankar Iyer

Tribute to a Man with Inexhaustible Fund of Passion for Implant Dentistry

[Year:2010] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:v][No of Hits : 602]



 
CLINICAL ARTICLES
Gene McCoy

Guidelines for Implant Restoration for the Semiedentulous Patient

[Year:2010] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:39-42][No of Hits : 511]


ABSTRACT
Considering that there is no consensus for ideal crown design, what rationale does the restorative dentist use in the restoration of the natural dentition and endosteal implants? Is it simply a matter of making the new prosthesis match the antagonist? The purpose of this article is to define ideal crown design using the principles of engineering, to offer criteria to determine whether the existing dentition would benefit from an equilibration, and to give guidelines in the management of parafunction.
Keywords: Dental compression syndrome (DCS), Like endosteal, Semiedentulous.


 
CLINICALS
Gita Mehrotra, Shankar Iyer and Mahesh Verma

Treatment Planning the Implant Patient

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:12-21][No of Hits : 26330]


Abstract
Establishing and arriving at a Diagnosis is the key to treatment planning and often practitioners tend to create a treatment plan overlooking the fundamental principles that must be taken into consideration prior to performing implant surgeries. The sequential process of clinical examination, laboratory tests, radiographic analysis, diagnostic protocols of casts, wax ups, along with the treatment needs and desires of the patient have to be factored in for the overall diagnosis and prognosis of implant therapy. A step-by-step methodology has been created to help the implant practitioner with a checklist that aims to create the optimal treatment plan for each case.
Keywords: Treatment planning, diagnosis, available bone, CT scans, wax-ups, surgical guides.


 
REVIEW ARTICLES
Manu Modi

Critical Evaluation of Suture Materials and Suturing Techniques in Implant Dentistry

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:31-40][No of Hits : 13566]


Abstract
The number of implant seekers is increasing with various medical adements and the 'Baby Boom' generation will soon make it to 'Geriatric Boom' Misch criteria allowed a minimum of 90% success for 5 years and 85% for 10 years. These criteria or success rate can be achieved only when each and every case/patient is properly diagnosed, planned and well-executed.
   Wound closure or suturing is one of the important step for a successful implant. An extensive review of the literature that is available for various suture materials and suturing techniques does not gives a clear idea of which material and which techniques is best. This in depth review/literature critically evaluates various suture materials and techniques which can be used and advantage of one over the another.
Keywords: Suture materials, suturing techniques, wound closure.


 
CLINICALS
Nicholas Caplanis, Jaime L Lozada and Joseph YK Kan

Extraction Defect: Assessment, Classification and Management

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:1-11][No of Hits : 10813]


Abstract
Tooth extraction is a traumatic procedure initiating a complex cascade of biochemical and histologic events that inevitably lead to a reduction of alveolar bone and soft tissue. These tissue alterations often lead to an esthetic compromise of the future implant restoration. The hard- and soft-tissue architecture surrounding the extraction defect largely dictates the course of dental implant treatment. The EDS or extraction defect sounding classification is a novel system introduced to simplify the decision-making process when planning for dental implant therapy following tooth extraction. Dental implant treatment guidelines-based on the EDS classification are discussed. A review of pretreatment evaluations necessary to prepare for esthetic implant procedures is also presented.
Keywords: Extractions, classification, hard tissue dificiency, soft tissue architecture.


 
CLINICALS
Sujata Goyal, Shankar Iyer

Bone Manipulation Techniques

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:22-31][No of Hits : 9109]


Abstract
Dental implants are the treatment of choice for the replacement of missing teeth nowadays.But placement of implants in the alveolar bone remains a challenge for most of the clinicians because of the resorption of the residual ridge resulting in insufficient bone volume in one or more dimensions. Various surgical techniques to augment the thin ridges not only increases the morbidity but also results in increase of the expenditure involved as well as time taken. All these factors act as deterrents for the acceptance of the treatment plan by the patient. Need of the hour is to review the various bone manipulation techniques developed over the years and use a suitable conservative technique.
Keywords:Bone expansion, ridge splitting, bone manipulation, expansion screws, osteotomes.


 
RESEARCH
William D Nordquist

Oral Spirochetosis Associated with Dental Implants: Important Clues to Systemic Disease

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:32-39][No of Hits : 8191]


Abstract
A completely different understanding of oral infection and its relationship to systemic disease, including atherosclerotic heart disease, will be presented. Convincing evidence theorizes the mechanism involved with atherosclerotic heart disease and oral spirochetes. Multiple missing teeth, heart disease, diabetes, dementia and many other diseases are all related to spirochetes. The discoveries reported here were direct results of studies done to avoid and eliminate infection around dental implants. Oral spirochetal infections when treated with antibiotics create an increasing hostile environment that when not lethal to the bacteria will stimulate a rapid transition to a protective spore form, especially in granulation tissue. Morphologically identical spores were found in the atherosclerotic plaque in blood vessels. A review of other spirochetal diseases traces a one hundred year trail of evidence that leads to oral spirochetes as a major contributory factor in systemic disease.
Keywords:Spirochetes, dental implants, systemic diseases, periodental disease.


 
CASE REPORTS
K Padma Rayalu, G Vijay Srinivas

Dental Implant Retrieval from Maxillary Sinus: Caldwell-Luc Technique

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:39-42][No of Hits : 2898]


Abstract
Placement of dental implants for oral rehabilitation is quite common. A very low incidence of complications is known to occur with this procedure. One such complication is accidental displacement of dental implants into the maxillary sinus. These should be removed because they can cause sinusitis and/or migrate into ethmoid or sphenoid sinuses.
In the present study, we report a case of dental implant displaced into maxillary sinus which was removed by Caldwell-Luc technique. The incision used to place the implant was modified by extending it anteriorly from the base of the flap into the canine fossa. Implant was retrieved through Caldwell-Luc technique and primary closure of the osteotomy site was achieved by advancement of the modified buccal flap.
Keywords: Dental implant retrieval, Modified buccal flap, Caldwell-Luc technique, Maxillary sinus.


 
CASE REPORT
K Padma Rayalu, MAKV Raju

Bone Added Osteotome Sinus Floor Elevation—A Case Report

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:40-43][No of Hits : 2100]


Abstract
The resorption of the alveolar bone occurs in the maxilla due to loss of teeth and increase in pneumatization of the maxillary sinus due to high air pressure in the pneumatized sinus cavities. The osteotome technique was developed to compress soft bone improve initial fixation, primary stability in type III and type IV bone. Bone added osteotome sinus floor elevation ensures accurate and better control over the height of the grafted space with reduced chance of membrane perforation.
Keywords:X-ray marker, surgical splint, closed sinus lift, bone added osteotome sinus floor elevation, dental implants.


 
CASE REPORTS
Adityender Seth, Krishna Panchapagesan

Two Implant Supported Overdenture

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:43-46][No of Hits : 1950]


Abstract
The most important aim of oral implantology is to improve the retention of complete mandibular dentures, which are often associated with problems in jaws with advanced ridge resorption and in the process improve patient’s satisfaction. In this article, the fabrication process for 2-implant overdenture is described and illustrated. The retentive elements for the implant abutment were housed directly into the fitting surface of the denture with the help of autopolymerizing resin through a simple chair side technique. It represents a case of a typical edentulous patient looking for low-cost improvement of denture retention.
Keywords: Overdenture, Implant, O-ring attachment.


 
TECHNOLOGY ARTICLES
Eldo Koshy, Nitish Surathu, Sunitha Raj Philip

Computer Guided Implant Surgery: A Clinical Report

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:23-29][No of Hits : 1903]


Abstract
The conventional practice of implant site preparation and implant placement is carried out freehand after treatment planning based on interpretation from a two-dimensional IOPA (Intraoral periapical radiograph) or OPG (Orthopantamograph) and by a wise clinical judgment. Much is left to guessing till the actual surgical appointment where we may be greeted by uncertainties related to soft tissue thickness, bone volume, bone density, proximity to anatomic structures, etc.
   Computer guided implant surgery is a CAD-CAM (Computer aided designing – Computer aided milling) solution to avoid such surprises. Here a virtual surgery based on a CT (computerized tomographic) scan and a surgical template made in accordance to it guides the depth, diameter and orientation of the implant. The surgery may be done flapless and requires minimum time. This article illustrates the use of an alternative for highly demanding surgical cases with the use of computer-guided implant placement on a 48 years old female patient, who was referred for placing implants in both maxilla and mandible. This technique optimizes implant placement and soft tissue esthetics while providing the patient with a fixed restoration. Computer-guided technology enhances accuracy and precision of the surgical procedure, minimizes complications and facilitates surgery in challenging anatomical locations.
Keywords: Computer guided implant surgery, guided surgery, simplant, nobel guide.


 
REVIEW ARTICLES
Umang Nayar, Shankar Iyer

Implant Site Development—Part I

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:41-48][No of Hits : 1628]


Abstract
This three part review evaluates the different techniques of improving the implant site in order to restore the lost alveolar bone, to allow for successful implant placement and subsequent prosthetic reconstruction. In this study anatomy and physiology of the maxillary sinus, preoperative evaluation of the alveolar ridge, maxillary and mandibular procedures, grafting procedures and postoperative complications are discussed. It was concluded bone augmentation allows clinicians to reconstruct alveolar bone deficiencies, preserve alveolar dimensions and replaces missing teeth with dental implants in a prosthetically driven position with natural appearance and function. The predictable outcome of these procedures depends on several biologic principles that must be followed. Diagnosis, treatment planning, careful execution of the surgical treatment, postoperative follow-up, and appropriate implant loading are all important factors in achieving success.
Keywords: Bone augmentation, block grafts, particulate materials, protective barriers, splitting of alveolar ridge, direct or indirect sinus grafting or elevation, repositioning of alveolar nerve and distraction osteogenesis.


 
CLINICAL ARTICLES
Paresh B Patel

Placement of Mini Dental Implants and Immediate Load with PFM Crowns in One Visit: A Case Report

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:1-4][No of Hits : 1379]


Abstract
This case report shows the restoration of missing teeth 8 and 9 with mini dental implants and PFM crowns utilizing a surgical stent. The report demonstrates one modality to successfully treat a premaxilla that has resorbed in facial/lingual dimension without ridge augmentation or an onlay graft. The mini-implants were used to support a splinted set of crowns in a modified ridge lap design to offer acceptable esthetics, lip support and function.
Keywords:Mini dental implants, fixed partial denture, immediate placement.


 
CLINICAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Bela S Jain, Niraj Tyagi, Samita Sagar, Amit Madaan

Life-threatening Situation in Dental Practice: Management Protocol (Modified from the BLS and ACLS Protocols of the American Heart Association)

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:49-52][No of Hits : 1348]


Abstract
Implant surgery is being incorporated in our practices as a routine procedure. This increases the probability of a life-threatening situation in the dental office. This article is an attempt to create an individualized protocol for management of such a situation adapting from the American heart association (AHA). International guidelines for basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ACLS) protocols. This not only improves the patient’s chances of survival till he can be transferred to a critical care center, it also ensures that the practitioner is not found lacking or negligent medicolegally in the management of such a situation.
Keywords:Life-threatening situations, modified life support protocol, respiratory and cardiac arrest, anaphylaxis, airway and circulation management, essential emergency drugs, defibrillator.


 
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Maurice Valen, William M Locante

LaminOss Immediate-Load Implants: I. Introducing Osteocompression in Dentistry

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:13-20][No of Hits : 1109]


Abstract
Osteocompression is a physiologic principle that has been clinically practiced in orthopedics since the early 1900s. In dentistry, controlled functional osteocompression is the compaction created by the tapping procedure and bonelamination achieved by a sinusoidal screw implant design providing physiologic stimulation due to streaming potentials. Functionally, there is always an applied force acting on bone modified by an implant design, and there is always a resisting force acting on the implant through the viscoelastic properties of trabecular structure. Through biomechanical events in bone, osseous tissue can be stimulated within physiologic limitations by implant design to develop along the lines of compressive forces dependent on the implant load-bearing area to sustain equilibrium. At the cellular level, these biomechanical events act on the cells through a phenomenon known as streaming potentials. This is an electrochemical potential created by the flow of extracellular fluid past a positively charged cell surface.
Streaming potentials have a stimulating effect on osteoblasts and osteocytes. This stimulation under acceptable physiologic limits translates to an ordered deposition of osseous tissue that aids in the support of these compressive forces.
As a sinusoidal thread design, the LaminOss osteocompressive immediateload implant (Impladent Ltd, Holliswood, NY) has shown in animal histologic observation 2.5 times greater bone lamination achieved by the function of osteocompression due to the benefits of streaming potentials created by the LaminOss implant design. No evidence of bone necrosis was observed by any of the eight implants.
Keywords: Sinusoidal thread design, Implant load-bearing areas, Bone lamination/osteocompression, Occlusal force to bone density classification.


 
CLINICAL ARTICLES
William M Locante, Maurice Valen

LaminOss Immediate-Load Implants: II. Clinical Considerations of Osteocompression

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:21-29][No of Hits : 1050]


Abstract
The sinusoidal thread design of the LaminOss (Impladent Ltd, Holliswood, NY) osteocompressive immediate-load implant is structured with minimal shear interface to function in horizontal planes and stimulate bone growth by the action of streaming potentials at the implant thread surface area. This implant design, when used with a unique surgical instrumentation technique, allows maximum bone to be molded and compacted circumferentially around the sinusoidal implant threads. The surgical technique of bone lamination around larger implant horizontal planes (or load-bearing areas) creates a stable foundation for placing this implant into immediate function. For the past 10 years, this surgical procedure has provided patients with immediate function the day of implant placement. The clinical advantage of immediate implant loading enhances care acceptance and patient satisfaction.
Keywords: Sinusoidal thread design, Implant load-bearing areas, Bone lamination/osteocompression, Occlusal force-to-bone density classification.


 
CLINICAL ARTICLES
Vadivel Kumar

Immediate Implant Placement

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:5-9][No of Hits : 924]


Abstract
The goal of anterior implant is to simulate the appearance of a natural crown adequate bone volume must be present for ideal hard and soft tissue contours, when placing an implant in an immediate extraction site, the surgeon should consider the socket dimension and the defect between the labial plate of bone and the implant. An anterior tooth has greater dimensions in the faciolingual direction, compared with its mesiodistal dimension. The thin labial bone has often been compromised and reduced in height when an anterior tooth requires extraction or during the extraction process itself. As a result, the facial cortex is most always several millimeters opical to the palatal cortical plate.
   Therefore immediate implant placement in the anterior region using a round implant often requires that the osteotomy and implant insertion engage the lingual wall of the alveolus and penetrate halfway to two-thirds down the extraction site into the remaining lingual opical bone for rigid fixation. Recently, there have been changes in the protocol initially used when implants were immediately placed into extraction sockets. Researchers and clinicians are now placing implants immediately into extraction sockets and attaching abutments and provisional crowns, thereby permitting immediate loading to occur in conjunction with the bone healing.
Keywords:Immediate implant, extraction, sockets, osteotomy, bone regeneration.


 
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Maurice Valen, Scott D Ganz

A Synthetic Bioactive Resorbable Graft for Predictable Implant Reconstruction: Part One

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:1-12][No of Hits : 884]


Abstract
Animal studies were conducted to evaluate the cell response and chemical potentiality of a synthetic bioactive resorbable graft (SBRG) made of nonceramic cluster particulate of low-temperature HA material. The study evaluated bone-bridging of the SBRG particulates in 1 mm wide implant channels of 5 × 8 mm long roughened titanium interface in 6 dogs and compared results to the same implant channels left empty as controls at 6- and 12-week intervals. Resorption rate capacity and cell response were evaluated with an assessment of the chemical characterization of the synthetic nonceramic material next to the titanium implant interfaces. Results of the animal studies were compared with human histologic biopsies of the SBRG for bone quality, density, and bone growth into defect sites concurrent with resorption time of the graft. One human biopsy consisted of a graft mixture of the SBRG and dense bovine-derived HA, compared under the electron microscope, including histology by H and E staining. Part 1 of this paper presents evidence of the predictability and efficacy of the SBRG osteoconductive, particulate chemical potentiality to aid in the regeneration of lost bone anatomy next to titanium implant interfaces. Recent technological innovations in computer hardware and software have given clinicians the tools to determine 3-dimensional quality and density of bone, including anatomical discrepancies, which can aid in the diagnosis and treatment planning for grafting procedures. When teeth are extracted, the surrounding bone and soft tissue are challenged as a result of the natural resorptive process. The diminished structural foundation for prosthetic reconstruction, with or without implants, can be compromised. A synthetic bioactive resorbable graft material having osteoconductive biochemical and biomechanical qualities similar to the host bone provides the means to improve compromised bone topography for ridge preservation, ridge augmentation, or to enhance the bony site for implant placement and subsequent prosthetic rehabilitation. Part two of this paper will demonstrate clinical applications of the SBRG material for purposes of implant placement and prosthetic reconstruction.
Keywords: Synthetic, Resorbable, Bone graft, Bioactive, Bone regeneration, Chemotactic.


 
CLINICAL ARTICLES
Scott D Ganz, Maurice Valen

Predictable Synthetic Bone Grafting Procedures for Implant Reconstruction: Part Two

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:31-38][No of Hits : 699]


Abstract
When teeth are missing, the surrounding bone and soft tissue is challenged as a result of the natural resorptive process or from traumatic destruction subsequent to extraction. The diminished structural foundation for prosthetic reconstruction with or without implants can therefore be compromised. Recent technological innovations in computer hardware and software have given clinicians the tools to determine 3-dimensional anatomy, quality, and density of bone, which can aid in the diagnosis and treatment planning for reparative or augmentative grafting procedures. Advanced synthetic bioactive resorbable bone graft (SBRG) materials and innovative surgical techniques have made it possible to predictably alter the defective site to create favorable osseous conditions for implant placement. The synthetically derived, resorbable, cluster-like, hydrophilic, particulate, bone-grafting material, having similar mechanical and chemical properties as the host bone, can provide the means to modify existing bone topography by aggressively overpacking the material for ridge preservation, ridge augmentation, or to enhance the bony site and subsequent prosthetic rehabilitation. Since bone does not bridge in empty spaces, the aggressive overfill, commonly referred to as force mineralization, controls excessive bleeding and eliminates voids. Part 1 of this 2-part series presented the evidence of safety and effectiveness of the SBRG materials, crystal morphology, chemical properties, and characterization through animal and clinical studies. The osteoconductive cluster particulate assists in the bridging of lost bone anatomy by chemotactic response and resorption concurrent with regeneration of new bone formations. Part 2 demonstrates specific clinical handling characteristics and use of this material to facilitate implant placement and/or prosthetic reconstruction through clinical case applications. Additionally, in a unique clinical presentation, a composite graft mixture consisting of the SBRG and dense, ceramic, bovine-derived HA (sintered at 1150°C) was compared using electron microscopy.
Keywords: Synthetic, Bioactive, Bone regeneration, Resorbable graft, Ridge preservation, Osteoconductive, Implant placement.


 
PRACTICAL MANAGEMENT
David J Varriale

Risk Management: The Importance of Comprehensive Documentation in the Patient’s Chart

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:47-48][No of Hits : 631]



 
TECHNOLOGY ARTICLES
Brian J Jackson

The Utilization of Laser-welded Titanium Technology: A Clinical and Laboratory Report for the Edentulous Patient

[Year:2009] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:52] [Pages No:11-22][No of Hits : 608]


Abstract
Laser-welded technology has become a viable alternative to the conventional lost wax-casting technique in the field of implant dentistry. Studies have demonstrated the predictable nature of laser welded titanium frameworks for endosseous implants in the partial and totally edentulous patient. A standardized impression and fabrication procedure is required for an accurate and predictable superstructure. More long-term studies are needed for more widespread acceptance and usage by dental practitioners.
Keywords: Laser-welded titanium, superstructure, direct (open) impression.


 
PRACTICE MANAGEMENT
Michael Massotto

Never Sell Implant Dentistry Again!

[Year:2009] [Month:January-April] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:45] [Pages No:44-45][No of Hits : 547]



 
Review Article
Antonio Crispino, Leonzio Fortunato

The Reconstruction Purposes Implant Deficits Bone Ridge Edentulous

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:66-71][No of Hits : 421]


ABSTRACT

The objective of this review was to analyze the studies in the literature, concerning the procedures to increase bone volume in order implant and to evaluate (A) the results of different surgical approaches for the reconstruction of alveolar bone deficits and (B) the percentages of survival/success of implants placed in homes rebuilt with different techniques.
The present revision is based on original articles including both randomized clinical trials both clinical studies that include more than 10 patients treated and followed for a minimum period of 12 months.
We analyzed the success rates of the various techniques, success rates and/or survival of implants placed in areas with increased bone volume.

Keywords: Bone manipulation, Implant, Osteotome, Sinus floor elevation.

How to cite this article: Crispino A, Fortunato L. The Reconstruction Purposes Implant Deficits Bone Ridge Edentulous. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):66-71.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
Editorial
Shankar Iyer

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:iv][No of Hits : 342]


ABSTRACT

Preservation of What Remains

Almost a century ago DeVan provided us the adage ‘The Goal of Restorative Dentistry should be the perpetual preservation of what remains rather than meticulous replacement of what is missing’. Unfortunately there is a wave of a new vocabulary that has been added into dentistry through the rampant use of dental implants- ‘Edentulate’.


 
Editorial
Shankar Iyer

TECHNOLOGY AND REALITY

[Year:2009] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:48] [Pages No:v][No of Hits : 300]




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