Current Issue Volume 1, Number 3 , September-December 2015

EDITORIAL
Shankar Iyer

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:iv]



“It is what we know that prevents us from learning more”... Albert Einstein’s adage is very apt in today’s context. We invest an enormous amount of time to learn some principles and techniques and we continue to foster it and start to become dogmatic about it ourselves. When new ideas and technologies arrive, we become skeptics and will resist change.


GUEST EDITORIAL
Dennis Flanagan

CASE FOR SMALL DIAMETER IMPLANTS

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:v-vi]



CASE FOR SMALL DIAMETER IMPLANTS

Previous work in the dental literature has discussed occlusal over load of dental implants in function.1 Thus larger diameter implants have been advocated. However, there are other considerations that may come into play that affect the longevity of an implant. The major parameters are: Displacement of the implant, overload and percutaneous circumference. It may be that large implant displacement interferes with bone remodeling.2,3 Percutaneous circumference may put larger diameter implants at risk for peri-implantitis.2,4


RESEARCH ARTICLE
Madhumietha Arumugam

A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:95-100]



Aims: To determine the distribution of subgingival occurrence of Candida species in chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis.

Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients with chronic periodontitis and 20 patients with peri-implantitis were evaluated. Periodontal parameters that include mean periodontal or peri-implant pocket depth, mean clinical attachment level or relative attachment level, mean gingival index, and mean plaque index were evaluated. Pooled subgingival sample from the deepest pockets using sterile paper points and sterile curettes was obtained from each patient and immediately streaked on to Sabouraud’s dextrose agar. Species identification was done by colony color on Chrom agar medium and Dalmau plate culture technique on corn meal agar.

Results: In periodontitis, the prevalence of Candida species in periodontal pockets was 26.8%, while in peri-implantitis, it is 27.2%. Comparing the prevalence of various sub-species of Candida between the two groups, we did not find any significant statistical differences. Also, there were no significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of mean plaque index, mean gingival index, mean probing depth, and mean CAL (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Candida albicans was the most common Candida species isolated from both the groups. It is followed by Candida dubliniensis, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis. No significant statistical difference was detected in the Candida count between the two groups.

Keywords: Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Chronic periodontitis, Microbiological, Peri-implantitis.

How to cite this article: Arumugam M. A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):95-100.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


CASE REPORT
Paresh B Patel

Denture Stabilization with Mini Dental Implants

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:101-103]



Mini dental implants can provide support for stabilization of a removable full denture and can be a minimally invasive surgery. In addition mini implants can be used in cases where there may be anatomical, medical or financial constraints.

Keywords: Denture stabilization, Mini dental implants, Minimally invasive surgery.

How to cite this article: Patel PB. Denture Stabilization with Mini Dental Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):101-103.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


CASE REPORT
Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Shweta R Sonare, Mitul K Mishra, Amber W Raut

Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:104-106]



Implant positioning plays an important role for giving esthetics as well as for proper functioning of the prosthesis. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning are required for successful implant prosthesis. Improper positioning of implant creates esthetics and functional challenge for the prosthodontist. Adequate amount of bone is necessary for functional and esthetic reconstruction of soft-tissue architecture surrounding the implant. For axially placed malpositioned implant, prefabricated or custom-made angled abutments may be used to achieve functional and esthetic comfort. In case of apicocoronally placed implant, gingival ceramics can aid to create emergence profile surrounding the implant. Dental practitioners must have knowledge to create optimal soft-tissue profile surrounding the teeth and implant restorations. Improper positioning of implant not only increases the chances of repeat surgery but also gives psychological trauma to patients. This case report describes esthetic achievement for the patient with labial misplaced implant.

Keywords: Esthetics, Improper positioning of implant, Misplaced implant.

How to cite this article: Shambharkar VI, Sonare SR, Mishra MK, Raut AW. Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):104-106.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


CASE REPORT
Supriya A Rai, C Jeevan, Vijay Jeevan

Surgiguide used for a minimally Invasive Flapless Surgery and Precise Placement of Eight Nobel Biocare (Select) Implants

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:107-112]



Implant dentistry has always the final prosthesis in mind. The prosthetically driven implant prosthesis will assure good esthetics, function, and also hygiene. This will give long-time success. The use of medical imaging and software planning has resulted in a marked improvement in treatment planning. The virtual software helps in accuracy in treatment planning. Surgical guides can be fabricated from a computed tomography scan. A surgical guide is used to assist in proper surgical placement and angulation of the implants. A guide also increases the esthetic and functional aspect of prosthetically driven implant treatment.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, CAD-CAM prosthesis, Flapless implant placement with nobel surgiguide, Periotome, Provisionalization.

How to cite this article: Rai SA, Jeevan C, Jeevan V. Surgiguide used for a minimally Invasive Flapless Surgery and Precise Placement of Eight Nobel Biocare (Select) Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):107-112.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


CASE REPORT
Siddharth Priyadarshi, Syed M Yusuf, Ajay Singh, Himanshu Gupta

Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:113-118]



Fixed and removable implant-supported prostheses successfully address problems associated with complete dentures in edentulous mandibles. Implant-supported overdenture (IOD) improves retention, stability, function, proprioception, and comfort. This case report depicts step-by-step procedure for fabrication of IOD with castable bar and modified resilient reliner. The bar was fabricated from readily available castable bar system, and resilient silicone-based relining was done by using a pickup impression at the time of trial. The shortcomings of direct technique are overcome by this procedure. It is a relatively simple and easy technique to produce an accurate prosthesis and devoid of wear and tear of elastic components.

Keywords: Customized bar-supported complete denture, Implant-supported overdenture, Overdenture, Resilient reliner.

How to cite this article: Priyadarshi S, Yusuf SM, Singh A, Gupta H. Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):113-118.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


CASE REPORT
Purva H Shinde, Nikhil V Jain, Ramandeep Dugal

Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volumn:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:119-122]



Long-term edentulism leads to the encroachment of the space by the antagonist teeth, which interfere with the occlusion, function, and most importantly the vertical space required for replacement of the teeth. Dental implant therapy has taken over conventional fixed dental prosthesis as a treatment option since the last few decades. Minimum biomechanical requirement for the height of the implant prosthesis makes it imperative for the clinician to modify the height of the opposing tooth. Overcoming the conventional technique of tooth reduction, use of temporary anchorage devices like mini-implants, for tooth intrusion, provides a minimally invasive approach. This article describes a case where mini-implants were activated using elastics for maxillary molar intrusion to create space for the implant prosthesis to replace the missing mandibular molars.

Keywords: Implants, Intrusion, Mini-implants, Temporary anchorage devices.

How to cite this article: Shinde PH, Jain NV, Dugal R. Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain Vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):119-122.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


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